Homogenised fuel has better consumer properties, good combustion characteristics, improves efficient performance of the machine, does not carburise motors or boilers, and causes less polluting emissions. And, last but not least, as a result it saves itself.
What makes homogenized fuel better than ordinary fuel?
In addition to hydrocarbons, the composition of conventional diesel fuel also includes water molecules, paraffins, organic sulfur compounds and mechanical impurities. Most of the molecules in this case are in a bound state. At ignition of fuel mixture, the combustion processes begins on the active side of molecules. But in contact with water molecules the flow of combustion decelerates. Paraffins and sulfur do not completely combust. As a result – the combustion slows down, which gives rise to toxic waste and causes coking/ carburization.
The more uniformly the fuel composition is dispersed, the more positive effects it achieves, such as:
- breaking of polymer chains of organic fuel and generation of active sides of molecules. Active sides enter into oxidation processes much faster and simultaneously;
- breaking of molecular linkage to form free radicals that get inflamed better than closed molecules;
- destruction of polymer chains of water into free ions H+ and OH-. Such ions are more actively involved in combustion process and form unstable, easily oxidized compounds with free radicals of organic fuel;
- sulfur and paraffins form surfactants that isolate emulsion microparticles and do not allow further clumping.
Emulsified mixtures combust evenly and are economically consumed. They emit 2-3 times less harmful substances during combustion than conventional fuels. Among the variety of technical equipment for fuel homogenization that is available on the market – the most effective are: cavitation emulsifiers, homogenizers, dispersants or cavitators – with cavitation processes being most cost effective and efficient.
To achieve the best effect, fuel mix should have a high level of dispersion, be homogeneous and not flake for a few months. All of the listed effects are achieved with the use of GlobeCore USB hydrodynamic mixer with capacity 5 to 150 m3/h.
These devices obtain homogeneous fuel compositions that do not flake for a long time.
For example, cavitation effect converts black oil into homogeneous emulsion in which light and heavy fractions, bitumen and water particles are perfectly mixed. This improves operation of burner nozzles. As a result of this, nozzles are less coked/carburized; the amount of soot decreases and flame becomes uniform and does not pulsate. The negative impact of water is neutralized completely.
Costly sorts of black oil can be replaced with low-grade ones while retaining all the physical-mechanical fuel characteristics (combustion heat, viscosity, etc.).
Application of USB hydrodynamic homogenizers/ blenders
GlobeCore USB hydrodynamic homogenizers restore and improve the properties of stale and watered black oil, produce light oil, achieve complete combustion of black oil in boilers and marine engines, obtain furnace fuel from sludge and completely clean the external walls of boiler collectors. The overall savings with USB homogenizers amounts up to 20% when using black oil and 15% when using light fuel.
Homogenizers obtain different mixtures of dual fuel (DF): black oil and production waste, black oil and coal tar, coal-water fuel, biofuel. They also prepare a variety of liquid waste for effective utilization at heat and power stations.
The use of homogenized fuels by consuming enterprises
Fuel property after treatment
Specific groups of consumers
Motor transport and railway companies (DF)
Diesel power stations (DF)
Boiler stations (black oil)
|Improved consumptive qualities of fuel:||Between season, homogenization helps for a smooth transition from summer to winter fuel without technical problems for an engine. With additives adapting fuel for “winter” characteristics||Utilize water-oil emulsions (stale black oils) with water content more than 50% and black oils with impurities.|
|*increased cetane number by 3-5 units. (DF)|
|*reduced flash point,|
|*complete combustion of fuel|
|Cost savings||From 3% to 10%||It can reach more than 20% (with low-quality and mixed fuels)|
|Increased efficiency||The volume of commercial work or the amount of electricity produced is increased by more than 3%|
|Increased engine durability||Using homogenized fuel cleans engines and boilers from soot and tar deposits, and prevents subsequent carburizing|
|Environmentally friendly: with reduced combustion and toxicity||Reduces the content of harmful substances in flue gases (CO, NOx, SOx – 2-fold, soot particles – 3-4-fold)|